2017 Connaught Summer Institute in Arctic Science: Atmosphere, Cryosphere, and Climate

The Connaught Summer Institute in Arctic Science: Atmosphere, Cryosphere, and Climate is taking place from July 17 to 21, 2017 at the Nottawasaga Inn in Alliston, Ontario.  The Summer Institute is supported by the University of Toronto's Connaught Fund and builds on the Summer School program developed by the NSERC CREATE Training Program in Arctic Atmospheric Science (CREATE-AAS). It is affiliated with three NSERC-funded networks: Probing the Atmosphere of the High Arctic (PAHA), the Network on Climate and Aerosols (NETCARE), and the Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution (CanSISE) Network. The Summer Institute spans the disciplines of physics, chemistry, earth sciences, geography, environmental science, and related areas, and encompasses the use of experimental, field observation, and modelling methodologies to study the Arctic region.

 

Forty-three graduate students and post-doctoral fellows from Canada and the USA are attending.  This year, the program will be linked to the North2Warm initiative, which is examining the impact of 1.5°C or greater global warming on Canada’s North.  Topics will include the Arctic climate system, observed changes, projected changes under different warming scenarios, and impacts and adaptations underway and anticipated, as well as high-latitude climate dynamics, sea ice observations, lake/land–atmosphere interactions, atmospheric composition and air quality, Arctic aerosols, permafrost engineering, climate modelling, and more.

 

Speakers and panelists include Amir Aliabadi (U Guelph), Lukas Arenson (BGC Engineering Inc.), Rachel Chang (Dalhousie), Claude Duguay (U Waterloo), Dan Falk (Science Journalist), David Hudak (Meteorological Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada - ECCC), Steve Howell (Climate Research Division, ECCC), Alexandra Jahn (U Colorado Boulder), Paul Kushner (U Toronto), Kent Moore (U Toronto), Kerri Pratt (U Michigan), Michael Sigmond (Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, ECCC), and Francis Zwiers (Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium). Students are also participating in an introductory Jamboree, a science writing workshop, and a career panel discussion, and presenting their own research during a poster session.

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Summer Institute Schedule

2017 Connaught Summer Institute Program

Monday, 17 July

Tuesday, 18 July

Wednesday, 19 July

Thursday, 20 July

Friday, 21 July

  Kerri Pratt
Arctic halogen chemistry, Part II
Paul Kushner
North2Warm: The impact of 1.5 degrees or greater global warming on Canada’s North
Steve Howell
Top of the world: observations of Arctic sea ice

Video: Sea ice motion
Claude Duguay
Lake ice modelling: predictions and projections
Rachel Chang
Arctic aerosols – interactions with clouds and radiation

Video: No Particles No Fog
Rachel Chang
Land-atmosphere carbon exchange in Alaska
Claude Duguay
Ground-based and satellite observations of Arctic lake ice
Kent Moore
The role of the atmosphere and sea ice in midwinter warmings at the North Pole
Student poster session

Tips for creating a research poster

Thoughts and suggestions from the 2011 Summer School poster session
Michael Sigmond
Seasonal forecasts of sea ice
Alexandra Jahn
Projections of 21st century Arctic sea ice loss
Steve Howell
Changing sea ice in the Canadian Arctic
Kimberly Strong, Shannon Hicks, and Paul Jeffery
Welcoming remarks
Lukas Arenson
Permafrost engineering in a warming climate
Michael Sigmond
Recent trends in Antarctic sea ice
Alexandra Jahn
The challenge of assessing sea ice simulations from climate models with observations
All participants
Student and speaker research jamboree
Claude Duguay
Lake-atmosphere interactions at high latitudes 
Career Panel
Panelists:
Lukas Arenson, Rachel Chang, David Hudak, Paul Kushner, Michael Sigmond.
Moderated by:
Paul Jeffery
Dan Falk
Communicating science: challenges and rewards

Closing Session
Survey and closing remarks
Kerri Pratt
Arctic halogen chemistry, Part I
Kerri Pratt
Changing Arctic aerosol chemistry
 
Rachel Chang
Arctic aerosols – sources and composition
Alexandra Jahn
Introduction to climate modeling, and sources of uncertainty
Francis Zwiers
Detection and attribution of long-term climate change
Francis Zwiers
Detection and attribution of changes in extremes
Amir Aliabadi
Transport implications for Arctic air quality and meteorology
Steve Howell
Sea ice: physical properties, trends and feedbacks

Video: NASA Animation of Arctic Sea Ice Age 1984 - 2016
Kent Moore
An introduction to the changing Arctic atmosphere
Kent Moore
Impact of sea ice retreat on open ocean convection in the Greenland and Iceland Seas
Welcoming Icebreaker
Organized by the
CREATE/PAHA Trainees’ Advisory Committee
Outdoor recreational activities   Poster Awards
Winning posters
Indoor recreational activity: Minigolf

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Suggested Readings and Websites

Amir Aliabadi:
AIR Laboratory: http://www.aaa-scientists.com/

Lukas Arenson:
www.bgcengineering.ca

Rachel Chang:
http://fizz.phys.dal.ca/~rachel.chang/research.html
Good primer on aerosols and climate effects: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Aerosols/

Claude Duguay:
http://env-blogs.uwaterloo.ca/crduguay/

Dan Falk:
www.danfalk.ca

Steve Howell:
http://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/default.asp?lang=En&n=F97AE834-1&xsl=scitechprofile&formid=963A39BC-DB6A-404D-9CCF-2BEC13A55BD1

Alexandra Jahn:
http://instaar.colorado.edu/people/alexandra-jahn/

Kay, J.E., et al., The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Project: A Community Resource for Studying Climate Change in the Presence of Internal Climate Variability. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1333-1349, 2015.  http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00255.1

ArcticInfo: https://www.arcus.org/arctic-info
CLIMLIST: http://climlist.wku.edu/
CRYOLIST: http://cryolist.org/
Useful career advice & often a good read: Science careers http://www.sciencemag.org/careers

Paul Kushner:
http://uoft.me/pjk
Atmosphere Related Research in Canadian Universities: www.ARRCU.ca

Reto Knutti, Projections of climate change Climate sensitivity, cumulative carbon, IPCC AR5 slides: https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/unfccc/cop19/2_knutti13sbsta.pdf
The UNFCCC Paris Agreement on climate change: http://unfccc.int/paris_agreement/items/9485.php

Kent Moore:

https://www.utm.utoronto.ca/cps/faculty-staff/moore-kent


Kerri Pratt:
http://prattlab.chem.lsa.umich.edu/
Simpson, W.R., et al., Halogens and their role in polar boundary-layer ozone depletion, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4375-4418, 2007.  http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/4375/2007/

Michael Sigmond:
http://www.ec.gc.ca/scitech/default.asp?lang=En&n=F97AE834-1&xsl=scitechprofile&formid=324CB983-7278-4B3C-8263-A2ABDA3DF370
Sigmond, M., et al., Skillful seasonal forecasts of Arctic sea ice retreat and advance dates in a dynamical forecast system, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 12,457-12,465, 2016.  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016GL071396/full

Kimberly Strong:
http://www.atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca/people/strong/strong.html
ArcticNow - sign up for daily news updates: https://www.arcticnow.com/

Francis Zwiers:
https://www.pacificclimate.org/about-pcic/people/francis-zwiers
https://www.nap.edu/catalog/21852/attribution-of-extreme-weather-events-in-the-context-of-climate-change
https://www.wcrp-climate.org/ictp-2014-agenda
http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter10_FINAL.pdf
WCRP-ICTP 2014 Summer School on Attribution and Prediction of Extreme Events: https://www.wcrp-climate.org/ictp2014-about

PAHA/CANDAC:
http://www.candac.ca 

NETCARE:

http://www.netcare-project.ca 

CanSISE:

http://www.cansise.ca/
@CanSISE           
https://twitter.com/CanSISE  

 

CREATE-AAS

http://www.candac.ca/create/

@CREATEArcticSci: https://twitter.com/CREATEArcticSci

CANDAC: http://www.facebook.com/groups/CANDAC/

CREATE Arctic Science Blog: http://createarcticscience.wordpress.com/

2011 Summer School

2012 Summer School

2013 Summer School

2014 Connaught Summer Institute

2016 Connaught Summer Institute

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Student Poster Session

Click on thumbnails for larger versions of the photos and posters.

Name, Institution   Poster   Name, Institution   Poster  
Achini Abayakoon
(MSc)
University of Western Ontario
A New Ceilometer for Routine Measurements of Aerosols in the Troposphere Médard Agbazo
(MSc)
Université du Québec à Montréal
Characterization of physical inconsistency generated by univariate quantile mapping of daily temperature extrema: a case study over Hudson Bay
Gabriel Auclair
(MSc)
McGill University
  Not available Impact of ocean heat fluxes pathway on sea ice decline in CESM1-LE Jill Bachelder
(MSc)
Université de Montréal
Characterization of wind-blown dust after river piracy in the Canadian Yukon
Whitney Bader
(PDF)
University of Toronto
The question of the methane increase though the retrieval of its isotopologues from FTIR ground-based observations Natalia Bliankinshtein
(MSc)
McGill University
Origin of cold-air outbreaks: polar air masses formation from radiation perspective
Kevin Bloxam
(MSc)
McGill University
Quantifying the timescale of radiative damping through an investigation of sudden stratospheric warming events Brendan Byrne
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Monitoring trace gases in downtown Toronto using open-path Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Laurence Coursol
(MSc)
Université du Québec à Montréal
Impact of far infrared measurements on analyses of temperature and humidity Joelle Dionne
(MSc)
Dalhousie University
Modelling the Radiative Effects of Fog and Low Cloud in the Summer Arctic
Ghazal Farhani
(PhD)
University of Western Ontario
Using the Optimal Estimation Method (OEM) for Retrieval of Stratospheric Ozone Profiles from DIAL Lidar Measurements Sham Gamage
(PhD)
University of Western Ontario
First application of the Optimal Estimation Method (OEM) to retrieve temperatures from RALMO Pure Rotational Raman (PRR) scatter measurements
Roghayeh Ghahremaninezhad
(PDF)
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Not available Dimethyl sulfide in the Arctic atmosphere Matthew Henry
(PhD)
McGill University
The role of the nonlinearity of the Stefan-Boltzmann law on the structure of radiatively forced temperature change
Shannon Hicks
(PhD)
University of Western Ontario
Not available A Calibration of the MeteoSwiss RAman Lidar for Meteorological Observations (RALMO) Water Vapour Mixing Ratio Measurements using a Radiosonde Trajectory Method Haruki Hirasawa
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Not available Differences in the spatial pattern of anthropogenic aerosol impacts between CMIP5 models
Yukari Hori
(PDF)
University of Toronto
Examining the projected freezing degree-days for Ontario’s winter road networks Nicole Jacobs
(PhD)
University of Alsaska Fairbanks
Using mobile solar-viewing infrared spectrometers to detect regional methane fluxes from the northern wetlands of interior Alaska
Ali Jalali
(PhD)
University of Western Ontario
Not available Calculating a temperature climatology and measuring temperature trends in the middle atmosphere using Rayleigh lidar measurements with OEM Paul Jeffery
(PhD)
University of Toronto
A First Look at PARIS-IR Measurements from the 2017 Canadian ACE/OSIRIS Arctic Validation Campaign
Rachel Kirpes
(PhD)
University of Michigan
Sea Spray Aerosol and Organic Aerosol Mixing States in the Winter-Spring Arctic William Knee-Walden
(PDF)
University of Toronto
Development of a Balloon-borne Laser Absorption Spectrometer
Slawomir Kowal
(MSc)
University of Toronto
Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Hudson Bay Sea Ice (1971-2011) Natasha Leclerc
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Not available Halted by Sea Ice: Reconstructing Shipwreck Histories with Coralline Red Algae
Lei Liu
(PDF)
University of Toronto
Analysis of Atmospheric Ozone, Mercury, Methane, and Biomass Burning Emissions in South-Central Texas Erik Lutsch
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Not available Observing the long-range transport of wildfire pollution to the Arctic using ground-based FTIR measurements at PEARL
Marzena Marosz-Wantuch
(PhD)
York University
Spatial variations in sea ice thickness and surface temperature patterns, Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut, May 2017 Stephen McNamara
(PhD)
University of Michigan
Nitrogen Oxide-Influenced Chlorine Chemistry in Utqiaġvik (Barrow), Alaska
Emma Mungall
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Microlayer source of oxygenated volatile organic compounds in the summertime marine Arctic boundary layer Bimochan Niraula
(MSc)
McGill University
Partitioning of heat between Fram Strait and Barents Sea
Thomas Oudar
(PDF)
University of Toronto
Respective roles of direct GHG radiative forcing and induced Arctic sea ice loss on the Northern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation Ludovick Pelletier
(MSc)
Université du Québec à Montréal
Not available Far Infrared Radiometer radiometric accuracy and observation during the field campaign at Eureka
Peter Peterson
(PDF)
University of Michigan
Airborne Imaging of Bromine Monoxide Over Northern Alaska With Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) Saroat Ramjan
(MSc)
University of Calgary
Relationship between Microwave-Derived Winter Backscatter and Aerial Melt-Pond Distribution to Estimate Snow Thickness on Winter First Year Sea-Ice
Sébastien Roche
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Not available CO2 profile retrieval from near-infrared spectra Housseyni Sankaré
(PhD)
Université du Québec à Montréal
Diagnostic of Arctic atmosphere energy budget during the polar night
Gurpreet Singh
(MSc)
York University
Optical bench breadboard of an imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer for Climate Observations Jeff VanKerkhove
(PhD)
University of Western Ontario
Investigation of potential wet bias in Purple Crow Lidar water vapor mixing ratio
Shoma Yamanouchi
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometers to measure atmospheric composition at Toronto Bernard Yang
(PhD)
University of Toronto
High frequency observations of temperature and oxygen in a large Canadian lake over two winters reveal the role of solar radiation and ice cover in the development of the mixed layer
Yuan You
(PDF)
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Not available Not available The impact of shipping on air pollution at two Canadian Arctic communities Kedong Zhang
(PhD)
University of Manitoba
The fate and transport of oil-related contaminants in ice-covered Arctic waters – a photochemical study
Xuesong Zhang
(PhD)
University of Toronto
Quantifying emissions of CO and NOx using satellite observations from multiple chemical species

 

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Photos

For photos of the 2017 Summer Institute, see our flickr page.

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Information about the 2017 Summer Institute can be found on this poster, but the competition for 2017 has closed.
The application form can be downloaded from
this linkThe application deadline was May 29, 2017.
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